This policy is designed to assist the school in fulfilling their legal duties in assessing risks. Risk management is the consideration of the risks that arise in the workplace and then putting in place sensible health and safety measures to control them. In accordance with our duties under the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 2000, the school is required to undertake regular risk assessments and take any necessary action arising from these according to provisions set out in the Health and Safety policy and elsewhere.


The purpose of a risk assessment is to identify hazards and evaluate any associated risks. This includes areas such as:

  • Safeguarding
  • Health and Safety
  • Security
  • Fire Safety
  • Site Security
  • School Trips
  • Critical incidents.

 The Management team is responsible for making sure that risk assessments are completed, logged and effectively monitored and need to inform the principal.  Reviews are conducted when there is any change to equipment or resources, any change to the school’s premises, or when particular needs of a child or other visitor necessitate this.

All staff is responsible for carrying out a Risk Assessment according to their roles and responsibilities. The principal is further responsible for conducting any necessary reviews or making changes to the school’s policies or procedures in the light of any potential risks that they or other members of staff discover.

A visual inspection of both the equipment and the entire premises – both indoor and outdoor – will be carried out daily. This will, ordinarily, be carried out by a designated member of staff (caretaker) on arrival at the school and will be completed before any children arrive.

During the school day, staff will be vigilant and continuously aware of any potential risks to health and safety arising from:

  • The School’s environment, both indoors and outdoors;
  • All surfaces, both indoors and outdoors;
  • All equipment used by children or staff.

 On discovering a hazard, he/she will take all steps necessary to making themselves and any other people potentially affected safe. They will then notify the management team and ensure that a record is made in the Incident Record Book. The Management team is then responsible for ensuring that any necessary action is taken. As already stated, the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations (NI) 2000 require that suitable and sufficient assessments of the risk arising out of work are carried out. Put simply, a risk assessment is finding out what could cause harm to people and deciding if you have done enough or need to do more to protect them.


 What can be risk assessed? A risk assessment can be undertaken on an object or substance, a process, a location, an activity, or a person. It is a five step process:

Step 1: Identify the hazards

Step 2: Decide who might be harmed and how

Step 3: Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions


A hazard is anything which can cause harms e.g. electricity, chemicals, etc.


Risk is the chance, high or low, that somebody could be harmed by these and other hazards, together with an indication of how serious the harm could be.


Having spotted the hazards, you then have to decide what to do about them. The law requires you to do everything ‘reasonably practicable’ to protect people from harm. You can work this out for yourself, but the easiest way is to compare what you are doing with good practice. So first, look at what you’re already doing think about what controls you have in place and how the work is organised. Then compare this with the good practice and see if there’s more you should be doing to bring yourself up to standard. In asking yourself this, consider: Can I get rid of the hazard altogether? If not, how can I control the risks so that harm is unlikely? When controlling risks, apply the principles below, if possible in the following order:

  • try a less risky option (e.g. switch to using a less hazardous chemical);
  • prevent access to the hazard (e.g. by guarding);
  • organise work to reduce exposure to the hazard
  • (e.g. put barriers between pedestrians and traffic);
  • issue personal protective equipment (e.g. clothing, footwear, goggles etc); and
  • provide welfare facilities (e.g. first aid and washing facilities for removal of contamination). Involve staff, so that you can be sure that what you propose to do will work in practice. WHAT IS A RISK ASSESSMENT?

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) defines a risk assessment as “a careful examination of what in your work could cause harm to people so that you can weigh up whether or not you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent harm”.


A hazard is anything that may cause harm such as chemicals, electricity working from ladders, an open drawer, etc.

The risk is the chance, high or low, that somebody could be harmed by these and other hazards, together with an indication of how serious the harm could be.

Responsibilities: All Staff are responsible for; Undertaking risk assessments, identifying and implementing control measures, effectively communicating the outcomes to employees and others as appropriate.